Betta Fish Feeding Guide

Giving food to Betta fish should be done carefully so as to make sure they have a long healthy life. In the wild, Betta fish feed on zooplankton, which includes crustaceans, bloodworms and other small animals or insects such as flies, or grasshoppers. Make an effort to use more than one of the choices below. It is significantly healthier for your Betta to have a good amount of variety in their diet. Even different kinds of commercial foods will help with variety.

Betta Feeding Manual - Quantity of food
When feeding Betta, be certain not to feed them too much. Adult Bettas should be fed no more than one time each day, and Betta fries should be fed two times per day. A good rule to have while dispensing food to Bettas is to dispense no more food than they can eat within two minutes. If there is still food floating around after 2-3 minutes, it is likely that it will drop to the bottom of the tank and may soon create bacteria that has the potential to hurt your Betta fish.

It is also a good idea to forgo feeding your Betta fish one day a week (consistently on the same day). This gives the his stomach time to stay healthy and clean itself out. If you plan on being away for more than 48 hours, have someone feed him or purchase an auto feeder.

Feeding your Betta - Commercial Food
The safest and easiest choice is to purchase Betta food pellets from your neighborhood pet shop. These generally include mashed up vitamins, bloodworms, crustaceans, fish meal, and a mix of other items. While Betta fish would rather eat food that's alive, you can feed them freeze dried food such as bloodworms (frozen mosquito larvae) and/or brine shrimp. Freeze dried insects don't contain any bacteria or parasites that can harm your Betta, so will generally be safer than live food.

Betta fish Feeding Guide - Live food
One more option is to feed your Betta live insects, like red mosquito larvae (known as bloodworms) or live brown worms. If providing your Betta live foods, be certain to clean the food before using it, otherwise your Betta could get sick and maybe even die. You shouldn't ever feed your Betta fish insects caught in your garden, since the pesticides they could have been near could be very toxic. It is especially important not to overfeed your Betta live food. While they'll allow uneaten pellets drop to the bottom of the tank, a Betta fish will never stop eating live insects and could even eat himself to death!

Feeding Bettas - Other Situations
If your Bettas are mating, then you are allowed to feed them a large variety of food (usually this is much more healthy for most fish) including blackworms, Grindal worms, fruit flies, brine shrimp, and mosquito larvae. You can feed a fully grown Betta as many as times per day if you're expecting to mating them. Newborn Bettas should eat approximately five days after they're born. Foods that can be broken into tiny pieces, for example, boiled egg yolk, baby brine shrimp, and infusoria can be fed to the Betta fish babies several times each day.